Ivan Debono

A notebook of science, thoughts and reason

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The scourge of graduate unemployment

Berlin's trendence institute surveyed over 300,000 European graduates on their perceived career prospects Illustration: Christine Oliver for the Guardian

Berlin’s trendence institute surveyed over 300,000 European graduates on their perceived career prospects Illustration: Christine Oliver for the Guardian

 

 

Or what to do with millions of extra graduates.

Europe isn’t alone in facing the problem of graduate unemployment. The BRIC countries are feeling it too.

The numbers are staggering. In India one in three graduates up to the age of 29 is unemployed, according to a Labour Ministry report released last November. Total unemployment in the country is officially closer to 12%.

In China this month a record 7.26 million will graduate from the country’s universities – more than seven times the number 15 years ago.

Unemployment among new Chines graduates six months after leaving university is officially around 15%.

The real unemployment rate could be closer to 30% – some 2.3 million unemployed from this year’s graduating cohort alone, according to Joseph Cheng, professor of political science at City University of Hong Kong.

Meanwhile, back home in Europe, graduates expect to submit an average of 60 applications before landing their first job.  The average wait between graduation and employment is approaching six months. That’s the average.

 

Musica universalis (13) – The Higgs boson

John O’Callaghan (2014), One Special Particle

 

Bibliography

Robert Brout and François Englert (1964), Broken Symmetry and the Mass of Gauge Vector Mesons

Peter Higgs (1964), Broken Symmetries and the Masses of Gauge Bosons

Gerald Guralnik, C. Richard Hagen and Tom Kibble (1964), Global Conservation Laws and Massless Particles

Musica universalis (12) – Singularities

DJ Tandu presents Ayla (2000), Singularity

 

Bibliography

Stephen Hawking (1994), The Nature of Space and Time

Musica universalis (11) – Quantum mechanics

Alexander Popov (2014), Quantum

 

Bibliography

Max Born & Pascual Jordan (1925), Zur Quantenmechanik

The first known telescope

Giovanni Battista della Porta, Biblioteca dell’Accademia dei Lincei, Mss n° 12, c. 326 – Autograph

Giovanni Battista della Porta, Biblioteca dell’Accademia dei Lincei, Mss n° 12, c. 326 – Autograph

 

This sketch accompanies the first known description of a telescope. It is found in a letter from Giovanni Battista della Porta (c.1535-1615) dated 28th August, 1609 to Federico Cesi (1585-1630), in which he describes a telescope he examined in Naples in the summer of 1609.

The telescope was therefore invented by someone else, before 1609.

Here is della Porta’s description:  ‘It is a tube made of silver-plated tin, having a length of a one palm ad, three fingers in diameter, with a convex eyepiece at the end a: there is another tube [c] in the same tube, 4 fingers long, which enters into the first, and has a concave [lens] at the top’.

“È un cannello di stagno di argento, lungo un palmo ad, grosso di tre diti di diametro, che ha nel capo a un occhiale convesso: vi è un altro canal [c] del medesimo, di 4 diti lungo, che entra nel primo, et ha un concavo nella cima”.

Musica universalis (10) – The Standard Model

Rob Meloni (2013), Particle Theory 

 

Bibliography

Online particle physics information and references therein.

 

Musica universalis (9) – The speed of light

Bas & Ram (2006), Speed Of Light

 

Bibliography

Albert Abraham Michelson, Measurement of the Velocity of Light Between Mount Wilson and Mount San Antonio and references.

Musica universalis (8) – Spacetime

Ascania (2013), Spacetime

 

Bibliography

Albert Einstein (1905), Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper

Henri Poincaré (1905/6), Sur la dynamique de l’électron

Hermann Minkowski (1907/8), Die Grundgleichungen für die elektromagnetischen Vorgänge in bewegten Körpern

Musica universalis (7) – Photons

Tommygoff (2012), Photon 

 

Bibliography

Albert Einstein (1905), Über einen die Erzeugung und Verwandlung des Lichtes betreffenden heuristischen Gesichtspunkt

 

Musica universalis (6) – Dark energy

Oliver Lieb (2014), Dark Energy

 

Bibliography

Observational evidence from supernovae for an accelerating universe and a cosmological constant

Measurements of Omega and Lambda from 42 high redshift supernovae

 

 

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